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Coronavirus spreads across the world and hits the Nigerian megacity, 25 new confirmed cases; Prevention and Cure

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Coronavirus spreads across the world and hits the Nigerian megacity, 25 new confirmed cases: a case of Coronavirus has been confirmed in Lagos, Nigeria. The first patient is an Italian who recently returned into returned into the country from Milan.
Coronavirus spreads across the world and hits the Nigerian megacity of Lagos

Coronavirus spreads across the world and hits the Nigerian megacity of Lagos

Nigeria confirmed its first case of Coronavirus two days ago, on the 27th of February 2020. The patient made it pass the airport without being detected because he showed no symptoms of the deadly virus upon landing.

The Italian guy who arrived from Milan at the night of 24 February had travelled through Lagos before he became ill and had to visit the hospital.

The prognosis was confirmed on the virology lab at Lagos University Teaching Hospital. The affected person is clinically stable and he’s being cared for on the Infectious Disease Hospital in Yaba.

Coronavirus spreads across the world and hits the Nigerian megacity, 25 new confirmed cases

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Mounting a response

The government authorities at the moment are working round the clock to ‘meet and examine’ all those who were on the flight with him.

Though quite an impossible task, in a city with more than 20 million inhabitants, they are trying to identify every one he met and all the locations he visited in lagos.

Nigeria’s health ministry is also anxious to curb nationwide panic, saying: “Citizens must not abuse social media and indulge in spreading misinformation that causes fear and panic.”
Lessons from the Ebola reaction
Global health organizations commended Nigeria for its sturdy and speedy reaction to the 2014 Ebola outbreak.

On 20 July 2014, a person infected with the deadly ailment traveled from Liberia to Lagos. Patrick Sawyer became diagnosed with Ebola for 3 days, in the course of which time 9 health care workers were infected.

However, once the diagnosis was confirmed, the health ministry worked with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s office in Nigeria to declare an Ebola emergency and created the facilities to isolate exposed people during the requisite 21-day monitoring period.

It also put an Incident Management System in place to coordinate responses. The centralised response system was vital in controlling the outbreak.

The complete clinical picture of the Coronavirus is yet not known. The cases have ranged from slight to intense, with instances of its leading to pneumonia, more than one organ failure or even death.

The underlying public health risk is quite high, but individual risk depends on exposure and potential health issues. However, with not less than 2,800 people dead and over 82,000 cases of infection reported globally, it has now turn out to be a global health emergency.

Signs of contamination

Signs of infection include fevers, coughing, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.

The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.

  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
  • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

Spread from contact with infected surfaces or objects

It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

Prevention

Coronavirus spreads across the world and hits the Nigerian megacity of Lagos: There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus. However, as a reminder, CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases, including:

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
  • Follow CDC’s recommendations for using a face-mask.
    • CDC does not recommend that people who are well wear a facemask to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including COVID-19.
    • Face-masks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to  others. The use of face-masks is also crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone in close settings (at home or in a health care facility).
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
    • If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.

For information about handwashing, see CDC’s Handwashing website

For information specific to healthcare, see CDC’s Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings

These are everyday habits that can help prevent the spread of several viruses. CDC does have specific guidance for travelers.

However, although most infected persons display symptoms within 5 to six days, some can be asymptomatic.

Gboyega Akosile, chief press secretary for Lagos State governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu, tweeted: “Dear Lagosians, the need to maintain utmost hygiene is now, as Lagos records first COVID-19 case.”

The governor held a press briefing this morning, and the Nigerian Centre for Disease Control has deployed its Rapid Response Teams to support the Lagos State government.

 

The bottom line:

The Nigerian government hopes to mirror its response to the Ebola outbreak here, to stop the virus spreading uncontrollably in the country of more than 200 million people.

this article was culled from TheAfricaReport

 

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